How to choose the best export transport mode
In order for this objective to be possible and beneficial, the exporter, at the time of choosing the most appropriate transport mode, he must consider at least three basic factors in his analysis:
speed + security
Importers and exporters need more security in transit times than maximum speed. In an increasingly planned activity, it is of no use that sometimes the service can be very fast, and then to have frequent delays that could alter your planning. Therefore, they will always prefer a reliable service in terms of merchandise safety.
Mexico – Import Requirements and Documentation
Includes import documentation and other requirements for both the U.S. exporter and foreign importer.
For tax purposes, all Mexican importers must register and be listed with the Official Register of Importers (Padrón de Importadores), maintained by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP), which also maintains special sector registries. To be eligible to import more than 400 different items (including agricultural products, textiles, chemicals, electronics, and auto parts), Mexican importers must apply to the SHCP to be listed in these sector registries. U.S. exporters have occasionally encountered problems when products are added to the list without notice or importers are summarily dropped from the registry without prior notice or subsequent explanation. It is important to keep in mind that in many cases releasing goods from Mexican customs can take more time than expected.
The basic Mexican import document is the Pedimento de Importación. Mexico requires import and export documentation including a completed pedimento for all commercial crossings. This document must be accompanied by a commercial invoice (in Spanish), a bill of lading, documents demonstrating guarantee of payment of additional duties for undervalued goods if applicable (see the Customs Valuation section of this guide), and, if applicable, documents demonstrating compliance with Mexican product safety and performance regulations (see the Standards section).
The import documentation should be prepared and submitted by a licensed Mexican customs broker or by an importer with sufficient experience in completing such documents.
Products qualifying as North American must use the NAFTA Certificate of Origin to receive preferential treatment. This must be completed by the exporter and does not have to be validated or formalized. Mexican tax authorities conduct fiscal audits on certain exporters in sensitive industries. A good source of information is the Mexican Tax Administration Service’s website regarding Verification of T-MEC Certificates of Origin. For future developments and information on eventual agreements in connection with the USMCA, visit the Office of United States Trade Representative website at http://www.ustr.gov.
Following a 2015 change in the law, the Mexican importer (registered in the Official Register of Importers or Padrón de Importadores) must assume responsibility for their own import paperwork and compliance with Mexico’s customs regulations. Thus, the use of a customs broker for import transactions is no longer a requirement. However, Mexican customs law is very strict regarding proper submission and preparation of customs documentation. Errors in paperwork can result in fines and even confiscation of merchandise as contraband. As a result, customs broker services may still be needed for the import process. Since customs brokers are subject to sanctions if they violate customs laws, some have been very restrictive in their interpretation of Mexican regulations and standards. Please also see our Temporary Entry topic below.
In the case of the textiles, apparel, and footwear sectors, the importer must be registered in the Padrón for textile, apparel, and footwear products. Companies not registered in the Padrón are not allowed to import the product.